A foot injury and diabetes – the most deadly combination you could ever hear!
We know how deadly a term “DIABETES” is as it can lead to several health conditions as well as the amputations, especially if it is uncontrolled. As a matter of fact, if you have diabetes type 2, even a minor scratch or a cut can turn into a serious problem and when it does, you cannot do a single thing. So, if you have diabetes, it is really important to treat your wounds and injuries right away.
Your whole body should be cared for the wounds and injuries, but a diabetic patient should pay special attention to care for his feet as even minor foot wounds can turn into serious foot ulcers that can cost him a foot or even an entire leg. But what if a foot injury happens anyway?
Scroll down to know what you can do about a foot injury when you are a diabetic.
The Potential Causes of Foot Injuries and Ulcers
There are several causes that make your foot the most vulnerable part of the body to get wounded and injured. The first reason being the high blood glucose levels that can make your arteries and vessels stiff and narrowed that, in turn hinders the blood flow to the limbs and cuts off the oxygen and nutrient supply, that are essential for the wound healing.
In addition to that, a condition called diabetic neuropathy is another major cause of the foot injuries and ulcers. In this condition, nerve damage in legs and feet occurs that leads to loss of sensation in legs and feet. When there is no sensation in the feet, you cannot feel your feet or anything that might hurt your feet. This causes the wound and the wound when left untreated can get infected with bacteria, fungi which can lead to sepsis, ultimately.
So it is really important to examine your feet, regularly and keep them safe from any hazards.
How to Treat Foot Wounds?
Accidents and injuries come without an invitation and if they do, there should be something that can help to prevent them and heal them faster. So here are some ways that can help the diabetes patients to prevent foot wounds without damaging much of your feet and legs:
1. Keep The Blood Glucose Levels in Check
Okay, the first step in order to prevent serious foot wounds and amputations, the first thing you need to do is to manage your blood glucose levels. Poor circulation of blood and nutrients, neuropathy and weak immune system can all be improved with the optimal blood glucose levels. So you can do this by maintaining your body weight, opting a good and healthy diet and carrying out a regular workout regimen.
2. Quit Smoking
Smoking can lead to cardiovascular problems and that in turn can lead to poor circulation that directly leads to increased risk of wounds and injuries and poor healing.
3. Practice Proper Hygiene
As mentioned earlier, wounds if get infected with bacteria and fungi, it can cause a severe infection called sepsis. So in order to avoid the sepsis, you need to practice proper hygiene. For this, try to wash the feet on a daily basis using a good cleanser and apply lotion to the entire feet, in order to avoid cracking and bruising. Trim your nails regularly as it can prevent ingrown toenails.
4. Wear Well-Fitting Shoes
One of the best ways to ward off wounds and injuries is to protect your feet from getting in contact with the environment. For this, all you need is to wear the shoes that fita you well. Avoid shoes that are too thin or too high. Go with the custom insoles in order to reduce pressure.
5. Do a Daily Foot Check
Checking your foot daily for any wounds will allow you to notice an injury. So it is really important to do a thorough foot checkup, including the skin, nails and the area between your toes. You can use a mirror for better inspection.
6. Treat Your Wounds Immediately
If you found a cut or a wound, treat it immediately. According to a senior podiatrist from the American Podiatric Medical Association, clean the wound with a gentle soap and water, apply an antibiotic ointment and cover it with a bandage. Repeat this process twice a day. Superficial wounds heal within 5 to 7 days, but if it doesn’t be sure to see your doctor immediately.