With the increasing trends in the processed foods and faulty lifestyles, there has been an exponential rise in type 2 diabetes. According to the World Health Organization, almost half of the world is suffering from diabetes (type 1 and type 2) and it was the 7th leading cause of death in the year 2016. And this figure is even increasing by 2020.
What are Diabetes Types, Causes, Symptoms & How to Keep Sugar Levels at Optimum Levels?
With this being said, it is really important for us to take necessary measures that not only manages the condition but also helps people to avoid it. So what do you need to know about diabetes in order to avoid and manage it? We have got everything rounded up about diabetes and how to keep your blood sugar levels at optimum levels.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes or formerly, Diabetes Mellitus is a serious health condition in which a person’s body does not produce enough insulin to neutralize the blood sugar levels after the consumption of the food. To put it simply, DM is a condition in which the patient has too much blood glucose circulating in the bloodstream due to the insufficient production of insulin or its insensitivity. This condition eventually prevents the body from properly using the energy from the food a person eats.
Sugar or glucose is the important fuel that allows the body to function properly but too much of it in the blood causes several different problems, in addition to diabetes. Insulin is the key hormone that lets the body to neutralize the levels of glucose in the blood and without insulin, the sugar cannot enter into the cells, thereby causing the rise in the sugar levels of the bloodstream. This too much sugar in the bloodstream is also called hyperglycemia.
Types of Diabetes
There are two main types of diabetes – Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 diabetes is the rare type of diabetes which occurs when the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are damaged and they are completely unable to make insulin. The lack of insulin in the body does not allow the glucose to enter the cells to be used as energy and thus patients must use insulin injections to control their blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes mostly occurs in the people under 30 but t can occur at any age.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 2 diabetes is a relatively common type that occurs in people over 40 years but can even occur in childhood if they are at risk. In this condition, the pancreas cells either don’t produce enough insulin or when it does, it does not work properly. Nine out of 10 people with diabetes have type 2.
Gestational diabetes is not counted among the types of diabetes, but it results commonly due to the rise in the glucose levels during pregnancy. With the passage of time, the need for glucose increases as the baby develops and that causes the body to increase the glucose levels in the body of the mother. The risks of gestational diabetes are higher in women:
- Who are over 35 years old
- Have a family history of diabetes
- Are obese
- Have a history of PCOS
The Causes of Diabetes
Although the exact causes of diabetes are not known, however, there are several reasons that might increase the chances of you getting diabetes. These risk factors include:
- Use of certain medications
- Injury to pancreas
- Autoimmune disease
- Elevated blood pressure
- History of gestational diabetes
- Abnormal lipid profile
- Ethnic background
It is important to note that sugar itself does not cause diabetes. Eating a lot of sugar can lead to tooth decay, but it does not cause diabetes.
The Symptoms of Diabetes
This condition can host a ton of symptoms, which includes:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger
- Urge to urinate frequently
- Dry mouth
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling in the feet
- Dry or itchy skin
- Slow healing of cuts and sores
- Frequent UTIs and yeast infections
How Diabetes Mellitus is Diagnosed?
It is diagnosed with fasting sugar blood tests or with A1c blood tests which are also known as glycated hemoglobin tests. hbA1c tests can be conducted without you being fasting.
Fasting Glucose Test
- Normal: Less than 100
- Pre-diabetes: 100-125
- Diabetes: 126 or higher
Random Glucose Test
- Normal: Less than 140
- Pre-diabetes: 140-199
- Diabetes: 200 or higher
- Normal: Less than 5.7%
- Pre-diabetes: 5.7% to 6.4%
- Diabetes: 6.5% or higher
How to Keep Your Blood Sugar Levels at Optimum Levels?
Although there is no cure for diabetes ever been discovered, however, it can be treated and controlled. The main goals of the management are to maintain your blood sugars, keep the lipid profiles in check, control the blood pressure and maintain the weight.
In order to do that, here’s what you need to follow:
- Following a balanced diabetic meal plan
- Getting physically active
- Taking medication if prescribed
- Monitoring the blood glucose levels and blood pressure at home
- Lowering the stress levels
- Limiting the alcohol intake
- Quitting smoking
- Getting enough sleep
Diabetes has become the most common condition all across the world. However, there are several ways of preventing and controlling it. Stay tuned to DiabetesFatLoss.com and get more tips and tactics to deal with diabetes & fat loss.